Mountain Kingdoms of the Silk Road

Central Mosque in Bishkek
Song Kul Lake
Shepherd's yurt in Kyrgyzstan
Djety Oguz
  • Overview
  • Itinerary
  • Dates
  • Explore!

This adventure takes us along parts of the ancient Silk Road trading route through the wild mountain landscape of Kyrgyzstan and across the border onto the dusty plains of Uzbekistan. As we journey from Bishkek over mountain passes and through fertile valleys on our way to Tashkent we have the opportunity to stand on the shores of sublime mountain lakes, sleep in a yurt nomad-style and walk amongst ancient walnut forests as well as browse through bustling bazaars.

The Silk Road - Experience the contrasts of the dramatic mountains of Kyrgyzstan and the plains of Uzbekistan
Yurt stay - Sample nomadic life with an overnight in a traditional felt tent
Mountain scenery - Stand on the shores of sublime alpine lakes surrounded by snow-capped peaks
Walks - Explore Chichkan Gorge and the walnut woodland of Arslanbob
Central Asian markets - Mingle with the locals in the bazaars of Bishkek and Tashkent
Why Book this Tour
This tour is ideal for adventurous travellers who not only want to experience a destination's iconic sights but also enjoy wild desolate mountain scenery and want to get off the main tourist path. You can expect epic landscapes, ancient cities and traditional local experiences such as a yurt stay on the shores of Lake Song Kul and dining with an ethnic minority family.
  • Uzbekistan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Samarkand
  • Tashkent
  • Bukhara
  • Khiva
  • Asia
Tour Types
  • Active
  • Small Group
  • Scenic
  • Cultural
  • Walking
  • Adventure
Day 1: Join tour in Bishkek
Arrive in Bishkek and check-in at the hotel. Situated dramatically at the foot of the Tien Shan range, Bishkek is a pleasant city with tree lined streets, open squares, many museums and interesting markets afforded with comfortable summer temperatures.

Day 2: In Bishkek; afternoon city sightseeing
Customers flying from London arrive in the very early hours of this morning. After a leisurely morning we head out on a sightseeing tour by bus and on foot. We learn about the main monuments and buildings of the city, and take a leisurely walk through Oak Park. A former Silk Road settlement, Kyrgyzstan's capital is a young city, starting life as a clay fort built by the Khan of Kokand in 1825 only to be destroyed by the Russians 43 years later. It was rebuilt in 1878 and it is from this time that Bishkek evolved.

Day 3: Drive to Karakol via Burana Tower and Issyk Kul Lake
Leaving behind the city we head into the heart of this small nation. At its centre lies Issyk Kul Lake, surrounded by the Tien Shan Mountains. Along the way we visit the Burana Tower, all that remains of the ancient city of Balasagun. The tower is believed to be the oldest minaret in Central Asia with a detailed external pattern of relief work in brick.

We also see the petroglyphs in Cholpon-Ata where stones vary in size from 30cm to 3 metres. Ancient drawings on the stones date from the 7th century BC to the 3rd century AD, many of them figures of hunters, ibex, goat and reindeer. From here we are also afforded with views of Issyk Kul Lake. We then follow the shore along the north of the lake arriving in the evening in the city of Karakol. Strategically located this was once a Russian military outpost, and the gateway of expeditions into the Tien Shan and beyond. This evening we enjoy a meal cooked by a family from an ethnic minority group, either Dungan or Uygur; both groups are Muslim people of Chinese origin. We not only sample their hospitality but also learn about the traditions and lifestyle.

Day 4: Explore Karakol; walk in Djety Oguz Gorge
The great Russian explorer Prjevalsky died in Karakol before an expedition to Tibet and the small museum dedicated to him gives a great insight into the 19th century Central Asian explorers. In the city we have the opportunity to see the Chinese influence at the Dungan mosque built in 1910 in the style of a Buddhist pagoda (it is made of wood without any nails) whilst the strong Russian influence is evident at the Orthodox Cathedral.

After sightseeing in the morning we drive to visit the Valley of Seven Bulls, at Djety-Oguz, where large red sandstone rock formations tower over the valley. During Soviet times this area become known as a health retreat, the sanatorium remains. It became famous when after his first flight in space Yuri Gagarin came here to decompress.

Day 5: Drive to Kochkor; visit waterfalls en route
We continue along the southern shore of Issyk Kul Lake where we make a stop for the opportunity to take a bracing dip into the cold waters of the lake. Continuing on we stop again to view the waterfalls within the dramatic 10km long Barskaun Gorge, as well as having an opportunity to spot birds whilst we enjoy a river-side picnic. Our final destination is Kochkor, a typical Kyrgyz town where we spend the night in local guesthouses, a great way to get to know the locals. Depending upon size we may find the group split between guesthouses.

Day 6: Spend the night in a traditional yurt at Song Kul Lake
The women of the town are famous for felt-making and this morning we have the chance to see how 'shirdaks', traditional felt applique rugs, are made by hand.
We then set off along a dramatic mountain road via Kalmak-Ashu Pass at a lofty 3346m where we can drink in our epic surroundings as we journey to Song Kul. The lake itself is spectacular and the second largest in Kyrgyzstan, situated at an altitude of 3013m above sea level. Surrounded by dramatic snow-covered mountain peaks, it is hidden in a flat, plate-like 'jailoo' (the Kyrgyz word for mountain pasture) which is covered in Edelweiss flowers at certain times of the year. In the summer the shepherds drive the livestock (sheep and/or horses) up into the mountains for pasture and establish a camp for the season.

After settling into our yurts, we will have the opportunity to relax and unwind or perhaps go on a pleasant walk by the lake. Yurts are circular dwelling structures made from felt and insulated with sheepskins, traditionally made to be portable and accommodate 5-6 people. Basic long drop toilets are available in a separate building along with an outdoor basin for washing and are shared with the camp. The experience is very basic, however, gives a unique insight into how local nomads traditionally live and allow us to wake up the next morning in the middle of nowhere.

Day 7: Morning at Song Kul; return to Kochkor
This morning you may choose to relax by the lake, which is home to an extraordinary number of birds. Over 60 different species have made their homes on the shores of the lake or in the surrounding area. Alternatively, depending on weather conditions, it may be possible to take a hike into the mountains surrounding the lake. Leaving the camp we walk along grassy, undulating slopes through the Moldo-Toor range. Song Kul Lake offers a spectacular backdrop to the north and we hope to meet locals along the way to get a further glimpse into this traditional lifestyle. The walk takes around 4 hours and reaches an altitude of 3300m. After lunch we leave our yurts and make our way to back to Kochkor for the night, this time taking a different route crossing the Teskey-Topok Pass, arriving in town in the late afternoon. This evening we head out to enjoy a musical Folklore ensemble performance with a wide repertoire of traditional ballads, love songs, work songs and lullabies, accompanied by Kyrgyz national instruments.

Day 8: Scenic drive through the mountains to Suusamyr Valley
We spend the day on the road driving through the wild mountain scenery of the inner Tien Shan Mountains as we make our way west. Our drive takes us along the stunning Suusamyr valley, which is situated at an altitude of 2000-3200m between the dramatic ridges of Kyrgyz and Talas Ala-Too and stretches for some 155km. During the summer alpine grasses cover the whole valley, whilst the winter months see it blanketed with snow. There will be plenty of stops for photo opportunities along the way as we make our 240 km journey across the passes to Suusamyr Valley.

Day 9: Walking in Chichkan Gorge; afternoon drive to Toktogul Reservoir
After breakfast we set off on a scenic drive along the Ala-Bel pass (3175m) before following the course of the Chichkan River to the junction with its tributary, the It-Agar River. From here we start a mostly easy walk on an earth trail which is stony in some sections. The path follows the It-Agar River for about three kilometres uphill, before arriving at the small, but impressive and beautiful alpine Lake of Saz Kul. The walk is around two hours up and one hour down. After some time enjoying this picturesque place we drive along a winding road that follows the Naryn River all the way to the Toktogul Resevoir, the largest reservoir in all of Central Asia and our base for the night.

Day 10: Mountain drive to Djalal-Abad.
Today we leave Toktogul and again drive through the wild landscapes that make Kyrgyzstan such a memorable place to visit. Our destination is Djalal-Abad, located at the north-eastern end of the Fergana Valley and nestled in the foothills of the Baba Ata Mountains. The city is well-known for its spas and is responsible for producing several brands of mineral water sold across Central Asia. It is an also important agricultural hub, providing the majority of the fruit and vegetables for the region. Upon arrival, the rest of the afternoon is free to either explore or to relax after the day's drive.

Day 11: Discover Arslanbob, walk through walnut woodland, visit waterfall
We start the day travelling 90 kilometres north to the charming village of Arslanbob. Here we spend the day accompanied by a local guide, walking through the walnut groves of Arslanbob sometimes referred to as 'The Royal Woods of Kyrgyzstan'. The trees can reach 30 metres and grow wild on mountain slopes, and walking through the grove rewards us with spectacular views. We will also come across a beautiful 23 metre high waterfall nestled deep in the forest. The walk will take around three to four hours and is graded as easy, with no significant ascents or descents. Later in the afternoon we will make our way back to Djalal- Abad.

Day 12: Drive to Osh; cross border into Uzbekistan and drive to Fergana City
Leaving village life of Arslanbob behind we make our way into the expansive Fergana Valley and past the city of Osh, which according to legend was founded by either King Solomon or Alexander the Great! Although it dates back to the 5th century BC, very little remains to suggest its ancient past and today, it is Kyrgyzstan's second city and very much soviet in feel.

We then make our way to checkpoint 'Dostlik', on the Kyrgyz-Uzbek border, where we undergo immigration and customs formalities and bid farewell to our Kyrgyz leader as we are handed over to our tour leader from Uzbekistan. From the border we drive to our overnight stop in Fergana City.

Day 13: Drive via ceramic workshop in Rishtan to Tashkent
This morning we head out to start the final leg of our journey. We must travel by convoy of smaller vehicles as we cross over Kamchik Pass at 2300m. We make a stop at Rishtan town, famous for its ceramics, where we visit a workshop. The Silk Road introduced Chinese ceramics to Uzbekistan, and while craftsman initially emulated Chinese designs, they soon evolved their own, now traditional, Uzbek geometric style. Later we make a brief stop in Kokand town, the former residence of Kokand Khan, before finally arriving in Tashkent.

Day 14: In Tashkent, city tour; free afternoon
This morning we head out with a local guide to explore Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan, which has been on this site for over 2000 years. Although much of it was destroyed in the earthquake of 1966 it has been rebuilt as a modern model city, with spacious avenues and ever-present fountains to cool the air. Our sightseeing tour includes various points of interest around the city, like the Independence Square, Navoi Theatre, Old City, Abu Khasim Madrassah and the Earthquake Monument. We also take a ride for 2-3 stops on the Tashkent Metro, which boasts some flamboyantly decorated stations.The afternoon is free.

Day 15: Tour ends in Tashkent
Our tour ends after breakfast.

You will have the option to book your own flights independently with the operator.

Dates Price Single Availability
15-Sep-2019 for 14 Nights Visit Website
15-Sep-2019 for 14 Nights Flight Included Visit Website
25-May-2020 for 13 Nights Visit Website
25-May-2020 for 13 Nights Flight Included Visit Website
08-Jun-2020 for 13 Nights Visit Website
08-Jun-2020 for 13 Nights Flight Included Visit Website
27-Jul-2020 for 13 Nights Visit Website
27-Jul-2020 for 13 Nights Flight Included Visit Website
03-Aug-2020 for 13 Nights Visit Website
03-Aug-2020 for 13 Nights Flight Included Visit Website
07-Sep-2020 for 13 Nights Visit Website
07-Sep-2020 for 13 Nights Flight Included Visit Website
14-Sep-2020 for 13 Nights Visit Website
14-Sep-2020 for 13 Nights Flight Included Visit Website
21-Sep-2020 for 13 Nights Visit Website
21-Sep-2020 for 13 Nights Flight Included Visit Website

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tour details

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14 nights from pp; per Night
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Group Size:0 - 18
Suitable For: Adult
Difficulty:Full On
Meals:Breakfast: 14 Dinner: 6
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